标签 泰国 下的文章

Wat Phra Ngam,大城府历史公园,泰国 Wat Phra Ngam, Ayutthaya Historical Park, Thailand (© boonchai wedmakawand/Alamy Stock Photo)

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Wat Phra Ngam,大城府历史公园泰国 Wat Phra Ngam, Ayutthaya Historical Park, Thailand (© boonchai wedmakawand/Alamy Stock Photo)

一个π A piece of pi

圆周率日快乐!

有人这样说过,世界上唯一不变的是变化。然而,在数学里却有许多固定不变的常数,今天,我们要庆祝的也许是其中最著名的一个:π。圆周率是圆的周长与直径之比,约为3.14159。每年的3月14日,全世界的数学爱好者都会用烘焙来庆祝圆周率π日——这既是对数学常数π的庆祝,也是对其同音字,美味的“派”的庆祝。它始于1988年,当时物理学家拉里·肖将日期(3/14)与这个常数的前三位数联系起来。今天,数学家和爱好者们用吃派和背诵π来庆祝圆周率日。你知道吗,当你的时钟敲响1:59时,表示你离圆周率的实际值又近了三位小数。圆周率无处不在,甚至在大自然中也是如此。图中是泰国大城府庙的一棵菩提,其形状就像圆周率的符号。无论你是数学怪才,还是只是为了享受美食,每个人都可以享受“派”节!

Happy Pi Day!

They say the only constant in life is change. In mathematics, however, there are many constants and today, we're celebrating perhaps the most famous of them all: pi. Represented by the symbol π, this tasty-sounding number is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, approximately 3.14159. Every March 14, mathematics fans across the world get baking to mark Pi Day with a pie. It began in 1988, when physicist Larry Shaw connected the date (3/14) with the first three digits of π. Today, mathematicians and enthusiasts celebrate Pi Day with pie eating and pi reciting. Did you know that when your clock strikes 1:59 today, you will be three decimal places closer to the real value of pi? Pi is everywhere, even in nature. Pictured here is a bodhi tree which has grown over an arch into the shape of the pi symbol at Wat Phra Ngam, a temple in Ayutthaya, Thailand. Whether you're a math geek or just in it for the treats, Pi Day is for everyone to enjoy!

曼谷的交通圈和高速公路,泰国 Traffic circle and highway in Bangkok, Thailand (© Avigator Fortuner/Shutterstock)

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曼谷的交通圈和高速公路泰国 Traffic circle and highway in Bangkok, Thailand (© Avigator Fortuner/Shutterstock)

陷入循环之中? Stuck in a loop?

曼谷,泰国

在生机勃勃的泰国,曼谷这座城市充满了活力!这是一座占地面积超600平方英里的城市,其常住人口预估超过1000万人,占泰国总人口的15%以上。作为泰国的首都,曼谷拥有繁华的城市基础设施,而复杂的交通圈和高速公路网正是其特色。1864年竣工的石龙军路,是曼谷第一条利用现代方法铺设的马路。石龙军路的建成亦是曼谷历史上的重要节点,曼谷的主要交通方式自此从水上交通向陆路交通转变。而1972年引入的复杂的高架快速路网和廊曼收费公路的建成则使得开车进出城更加方便。多年来,曼谷的交通网络在不断地发展,以满足城市扩张的需求。

Bangkok, Thailand

In vibrant Thailand, the city of Bangkok pulses with life! Covering an area of more than 600 square miles, it is estimated that over 10 million people live there, roughly 15% of the country's population. The capital city is home to a bustling urban infrastructure, featuring a complex network of traffic circles and highways. In 1864, the completion of Charoen Krung Road marked a turn in the city's transit by serving as a pioneering construction project utilizing Western techniques. The introduction of a complex elevated expressway network in 1972 and the Don Mueang Tollway has made it easier to drive in and out of the city. Over the years, the road network has evolved to meet the demands of this sprawling urban expanse.

帕那空奇里上空的烟花,碧武里府, 泰国 Fireworks over Phra Nakhon Khiri, Phetchaburi, Thailand (© noomcpk/Shutterstock)

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帕那空奇里上空的烟花,碧武里府,泰国 Fireworks over Phra Nakhon Khiri, Phetchaburi, Thailand (© noomcpk/Shutterstock)

明年见! See you next year!

跨年夜快乐!

现在是最后的倒计时!许多国家都在今晚庆祝跨年夜,以送走旧的一年,并期待新的一年的到来。在辞旧迎新的时候,各个国家的传统习俗都很有创意。如果你不在美国观看时代广场的落球仪式,你可能会在丹麦摔盘子,在西班牙往嘴里塞葡萄,或者在希腊把洋葱挂在门外。在泰国,庆祝者可能会去庙祈求好运,或者观看照亮帕那空奇里的烟。“帕那空奇里”在泰语中意为“中之城”,该地坐落在同名的历史公园内,又名“圣城山”或“拷汪行宫”。无论你在哪里庆祝跨年夜,都要过得愉快。明年见!

Happy New Year's Eve!

It's the final countdown! Tonight is New Year's Eve, time to see out the old year and welcome the new. But how you celebrate depends which country you're in. If you're not in the US watching the Times Square Ball Drop, you might smash crockery in Denmark, eat 12 grapes as the clock strikes midnight in Spain, or hang onions outside your door in Greece. In Thailand, you might watch the fireworks illuminating Phra Nakhon Khiri, or 'holy city hill,' a historical park spread over three peaks overlooking the city of Phetchaburi. Wherever you celebrate, have a great one. See you next year!

泰国商业港口附近的集装箱船 Container ship near a commercial port in Thailand (© Suriyapong Thongsawang/Getty Images)

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泰国商业港口附近的集装箱 Container ship near a commercial port in Thailand (© Suriyapong Thongsawang/Getty Images)

遵命!船长! Aye aye, captain!

世界海事日

大海是一个充满野性又混乱的“工作场所”,考虑到约80%的国家会进入海洋发展,因此,国际海事组织在1948年日内瓦举行的联合国会议上初步建立,并于10年后正式生效成立。为了纪念第一次会议,每年九月,海事工作者会聚集在一起庆祝世界海事日。这个活动提高了人们对海事安全、航运的可持续发展以及环境保护的意识。除此之外,这一天也是向海上的无名英雄——海事工人致敬的日子。

今年的主题是纪念《73/78 防污公约》发布50周年,这是一部管理船舶排放,防止海洋环境污染的国际法。海洋在全球贸易中扮演着重要的角色,同时,地球上许多物种的生存(包括人类)都依赖于一个健康的海洋环境,因此,保护海洋环境,人人有责。

World Maritime Day

The sea is a tough workplace, and a busy one—the shipping industry is the backbone of the global economy, transporting more than 80% of the world’s trade. On World Maritime Day, shipping professionals and leaders gather to raise awareness about maritime safety, sustainable shipping practices, and pollution. Organized by the International Maritime Organization, a UN agency, the day also honors maritime workers. These unsung heroes work long hours and spend months away from family to keep our trade flowing.

This year's theme focuses on the 50th anniversary of MARPOL 73/78, an international law that regulates emissions and aims to minimize pollution in our ocean waters. While the ocean plays a vital global role in trade, the survival of many species on Earth, including our own, depends on it remaining a healthy place.

大城府历史公园的柴瓦塔那兰寺,泰国 Wat Chaiwatthanaram temple, Ayutthaya Historical Park, Thailand (© Weerasak Saeku/Getty Images)

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大城府历史公园的柴瓦塔那兰泰国 Wat Chaiwatthanaram temple, Ayutthaya Historical Park, Thailand (© Weerasak Saeku/Getty Images)

皇家寺庙的废墟 A Buddhist master-'peace'

大城府历史公园,泰国

夕阳西下,泰国的夜幕降临,大城府历史公园里的柴瓦塔那兰寺灯火通明,迎接着夜晚的到来。虽然这座寺庙并非世界遗产大城府遗址的一部分,但它也有着丰富的历史和建筑底蕴。14世纪至18世纪,暹罗大城王朝统治东南亚,国王巴萨通建造了这座圣殿,象征着宇宙的中心。从佛寺出发,可以坐或乘车到达历史名城大城府。如今,大城府已成为历史废墟,但曾经这里是重要的商业和外交中心,周围环绕的河流是其天然的防御屏障。

Ayutthaya Historical Park, Thailand

When the sun sets over Thailand, the Wat Chaiwatthanaram Buddhist temple lights up to welcome the night at the Ayutthaya Historical Park. These ruins are evidence of the area's rich history as the capital of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which grew in power between the 14th and 18th centuries to rule Siam, or present-day Thailand. Around 1630, Wat Chaiwatthanaram was built on the orders of the dynasty's King Prasat Thong, to symbolize the center of the universe and connote his aspiration to become the future Buddha.

From the temple, the Historic City of Ayutthaya, a UNESCO World Heritage site, can be reached by boat or road. Three rivers link the once-metropolitan city to the sea. Now a historical ruin, Ayutthaya was an important point of commerce and diplomacy, with its surrounding rivers serving as a natural defense.

西沙瓦寺,素可泰历史公园,泰国 Wat Sri Sawai in Sukhothai Historical Park, Thailand (© Casper1774 Studio/Shutterstock)

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西沙瓦,素可泰历史公园泰国 Wat Sri Sawai in Sukhothai Historical Park, Thailand (© Casper1774 Studio/Shutterstock)

废墟中寻找美 Finding beauty in ruins

西沙瓦寺,素可泰历史公园里,泰国

历史悠久的素可泰镇是古代重要的大都市中心,也是泰国最迷人的目的地之一。素可泰(Sukhothai)意为“幸福的黎明”,是繁荣社区和建筑技艺完美融合的典范。历史公园周围环绕着泊、草坪和郁郁葱葱的木。公园里有一座古代宫殿和26座雄伟寺庙的遗迹,包括今天这张照片中的西沙瓦寺。这座寺庙是公园的主要景点之一,融合了华富里的建筑设计和印度教的风格。素可泰镇及其周围建筑被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。如果你想体验泰国丰富的文化,那就去素可泰历史公园吧。

Wat Sri Sawai in Sukhothai Historical Park, Thailand

Welcome to Sukhothai Historical Park, one of Thailand's most spectacular UNESCO World Heritage sites. The park is dotted with ancient temples, the remains of a palace, and towering Buddha statues—within its boundaries is the historic town of Sukhothai, an important metropolitan hub in the 13th and 14th centuries. The name translates as 'the dawn of happiness' and you can spend many happy hours here, strolling among the beautiful lawns, trees, and lakes. The temple on our homepage is Wat Sri Sawai, one of the oldest on the site, founded in the late 12th or early 13th century. Sukhothai was the capital of the first Kingdom of Siam more than 700 years ago and this historic site continues to offer a window onto what is sometimes seen as a golden age of Thai civilization.

攀牙湾安达曼海的红树林,泰国 Mangrove forest in Phang Nga Bay, Andaman Sea, Thailand (© Ratnakorn Piyasirisorost/Getty Images)

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攀牙安达曼海的红树林泰国 Mangrove forest in Phang Nga Bay, Andaman Sea, Thailand (© Ratnakorn Piyasirisorost/Getty Images)

热带,陆地与海洋热情相拥 In the tropics, land greets sea warmly

International Day of the Tropics

Only in the tropics do forests grow in salt water. Take this forest of mangrove trees in Phang Nga Bay in southern Thailand, one of the largest and best preserved mangrove forests in the country. Adapted to thrive in coastal marshes and swamps, mangroves can filter saltwater and withstand strong coastal storms. Virtually all mangrove forests and all species of mangrove grow only in the tropical regions of the world. They are protectors of the coastlines, acting as a buffer against storms and floods.

Today and on every June 29, we join the United Nations in marking the International Day of the Tropics, a moment to focus on the unique beauty of this region of the world and the challenges it faces. The tropics are roughly defined as the area above and below the equator between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. By 2050, the UN estimates the tropics will be home to most of the humans on Earth, and two-thirds of the world's children. It is also the poorest part of our world and the most vulnerable to global warming.

Phang Nga Bay on the Andaman Sea is one of the most treasured and visited sites in Thailand. The south-facing bay is about 150 square miles in size, and contains numerous limestone islets, tower karsts, cliffs, caves, and lagoons. At its mouth is the tourist mecca of Phuket island. Much of the bay is protected as the Ao Phang Nga National Park, created in 1981 by royal decree. The most famous landmark in the park is probably Ko Tapu, a tall cylindrical rock that is narrower at its base than at its top. It was featured in the 1974 James Bond movie 'The Man with the Golden Gun,' and has since been dubbed 'James Bond Island.' The real star of Phang Nga, however, is the mangrove. Resilient, wondrous, and beautiful, mangroves are an apt metaphor for the tropics they inhabit.

国际热带日

只有在热带地区,森林才能在盐水中生长。以泰国南部攀牙湾的红树林为例,攀牙湾是泰国最大、保存最完好的红林之一。红树林适应于在沿海沼泽和沼泽中生长,可以过滤海水,抵御强烈的沿海风暴。几乎所有红树林和所有红树林物种都只生长在世界热带地区。它们是海岸线的保护者,起着抵御风暴和洪水的缓冲作用。

今天和每年6月29日,我们与联合国一道纪念国际热带日,这是一个关注世界这一地区独特美景及其面临挑战的时刻。热带大致定义为北回归线和北回归线之间赤道上下的区域。联合国估计,到2050年,热带地区将成为地球上大多数人类和世界三分之二儿童的家园。它也是世界上最贫穷的地区,也是最容易受到全球变暖影响的地区。

安达曼海上的攀牙湾是泰国最珍贵的景点之一。朝南的海湾面积约150平方英里,包含许多石灰岩小、塔式岩溶、悬崖洞穴和泻口是普吉岛的旅游圣地。该湾的大部分地区被保护为1981年根据皇家法令创建的敖攀牙国家公园公园中最著名的地标可能是Ko Tapu,这是一种高大的圆柱形岩石,底部比顶部窄。它曾出现在1974年詹姆斯·邦德的电影《金枪侠》中,后来被称为“詹姆斯·邦德岛”然而,攀牙岛真正的明星是红树林。红树林富有弹性、奇妙而美丽,是它们所居住热带的恰当隐喻

Khuean Srinagarindra国家公园的Huay Mae Khamin瀑布, 泰国 Huay Mae Khamin waterfall in Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, Thailand (© Casper1774Studio/Getty Images)

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Khuean Srinagarindra国家公园的Huay Mae Khamin瀑布,泰国 Huay Mae Khamin waterfall in Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, Thailand (© Casper1774Studio/Getty Images)

Great on so many levels

Water flows evenly over seven distinct tiers of packed earth at Huay Mae Khamin waterfall, a remote gem 4 hours' drive northwest of Bangkok. Part of Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, the falls feature a trail network leading up to each terrace, offering visitors a close-up look at every level of the picturesque cascade.

在很多层面上都很棒

在华美哈明瀑布,水流均匀地流过七层不同的堆积土。华美哈明瀑布位于曼谷西北部,距离遥远,只有4小时车程。瀑布是Khuean Srinagarindra国家公园的一部分,有一条通往每个露台的小径网络,游客可以近距离观察风景如画的瀑布的每一层。

大城历史公园中的帕喜善佩寺,泰国大城府 Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya Historical Park, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ayutthaya, Thailand (© travelstock44/Alamy)

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大城历史公园中的帕喜善佩泰国大城府 Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Ayutthaya Historical Park, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ayutthaya, Thailand (© travelstock44/Alamy)

Ruins of a royal temple

In present-day Thailand sit the ruins of the ancient kingdom that preceded it, Ayutthaya. Wat Phra Si Sanphet, shown here, was the holiest site in the capital of that kingdom, a royal temple containing a 52-foot tall, golden Buddha among other treasures. The first king of Ayutthaya, Ramathibodi I, ordered construction of a royal palace here in 1350. Nearly a century later, they palace was moved to a different location in the city and the former palace grounds were converted to a holy site.

The three structures shown are called chedis, bell-like structures, topped with miniature chedis on their roofs. After serving as the seat of the kingdom for 417 years, the capital city of Ayutthaya was sacked in 1767 by the invading Burmese, who melted down the copious gold of the temples and palaces, then set the buildings on fire. All but these three chedis were completely destroyed, and over time they fell into ruin. Restoration began on the chedis in 1956, but only the foundations of the rest of the complex remain.

皇家庙宇遗址

在今天的泰国,坐落着它之前的古老王国大城府的废墟。这里所示的瓦夫拉西桑菲特(Wat Phra Si Sanphet)是该国首都最神圣的地方,是一座皇家寺庙,里面有一尊52英尺高的金佛和其他珍宝。大城府的第一位国王拉马蒂博迪一世于1350年下令在这里建造一座皇宫。近一个世纪后,他们将故宫迁到了城市的另一个地方,原来的宫殿被改建成了圣地。

图中所示的三座建筑被称为钟形建筑,屋顶上覆盖着微型的钟形建筑。大城府在作为王国的首都417年后,于1767年被入侵的缅甸人洗劫一空,他们熔化了庙宇和宫殿的大量黄金,然后放火焚烧了这些建筑。除了这三个基德人以外,其余的人都被完全毁灭了,久而久之,他们就成了废墟。1956年开始对切迪斯进行修复,但只保留了建筑群其余部分的地基。

Khuean Srinagarindra国家公园的Huay Mae Khamin瀑布,泰国 Huay Mae Khamin waterfall in Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, Thailand (© ImpaKPro/Getty Images)

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Khuean Srinagarindra国家公园的Huay Mae Khamin瀑布泰国 Huay Mae Khamin waterfall in Khuean Srinagarindra National Park, Thailand (© ImpaKPro/Getty Images)

Hidden beauty in Thailand

One of Thailand's best-kept secrets, Huay Mae Khamin waterfall can be found in the forests of Khuean Srinagarindra National Park. One of the country's lesser-known waterfalls, it's especially picturesque this time of year when the changing leaves provide a backdrop for the bright green water. Getting its water from the mountains to the east of the national park, the waterfall stretches just over a mile long, the water travels over seven different levels before joining the Khwae Yai River below. The falls generally have water all year round, but in 2017, during the dry season, the river feeding the falls dried out completely for the first time, and the park was closed to visitors until the rainy season. Though the journey to this peaceful retreat might be long, it's found a place on our ever-growing list of future travel destinations.