标签 澳大利亚 下的文章

丹翠雨林的诺亚海滩,昆士兰州,澳大利亚 Noah Beach in Daintree Rainforest, Queensland, Australia (© bjeayes/Getty Images)

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丹翠雨林的诺亚海滩昆士兰州,澳大利亚 Noah Beach in Daintree Rainforest, Queensland, Australia (© bjeayes/Getty Images)

邂逅美丽海岸线 A coastal encounter

丹翠雨林的诺亚海滩,昆士兰州,澳大利亚

欢迎来到这片绿色与无尽蔚蓝交汇的土地!诺亚海滩位于澳大利亚昆士兰州北海岸,是丹翠雨林茂密枝叶环绕下的一片净土。这片海滩毗邻珊瑚海,作为两种截然不同的生态系统,热带雨林与蔚蓝海水却能完美融合。丹翠国家公园这个僻静区域拥有一片柔软的金色沙滩,国家公园内有参天大、茂盛的蕨类植物以及该地区特有的其他植物物种。这片热带雨林是澳大利亚同类雨林中面积最大的,据说已经存在了1.8亿年,是世界上最古老的热带雨林。这里有一个保护区,是稀有和濒危物种的家园,比如双垂鹤鸵和班尼特树袋鼠,在地球上其他地方找不到。无论是在森林树冠下探险,还是享受大海的涛声,这个地方都能满足你!

Daintree Rainforest and Noah Beach, Queensland, Australia

Welcome to a land where greenery meets the endless blue. On the North Queensland coast of Australia, encircled by dense foliage, is Noah Beach. A fascinating blend of two ecosystems, here the Daintree Rainforest seamlessly meets the azure waters of the Coral Sea. This secluded area of the Daintree National Park boasts a stretch of soft, golden sands while elsewhere there are towering trees, lush ferns, and other plant species unique to the area. The Daintree is believed to have been around for up to 180 million years, making it the oldest tropical rainforest in the world. It is also Australia's largest uninterrupted stretch of tropical rainforest and home to rare species like Bennett's tree-kangaroo, found nowhere else on our planet.

昆士兰州内陆海峡地区,澳大利亚 Channel Country, Outback Queensland, Australia (© Southern Lightscapes-Australia/Getty Images)

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昆士兰州内陆海峡地区,澳大利亚 Channel Country, Outback Queensland, Australia (© Southern Lightscapes-Australia/Getty Images)

从干涸的沙漠变成田园 From parched to pastoral

昆士兰州内陆海峡地区,澳大利亚

这里不仅有大地色调的“拼布被子”,还有狭窄的水道像静脉一样贯穿澳大利亚内陆的海峡地区。这片幅员辽阔的地区因其纵横交错的道而闻名。当雨量充沛时,这里就会从干涸的沙漠变成野盛开的生机勃勃的锦绣之地。数万年来,澳大利亚原住民一直在这片土地上生活,该地区的一些地方还提供旅游服务和课程,教游客如何在内陆地区生存。这个未受破坏的地区也是野生动物的家园,袋鼠在平原上蹦蹦跳跳,鸸鹋大摇大摆地走来走去,紫冠细尾鹩莺也在翩翩起舞。如果运气好的话,你甚至还能看到兔耳袋狸(一种夜间有袋动物,长着像兔子一样的长耳)。那么,你准备好去这个地方探险了吗?

Channel Country, Australia

Narrow waterways run like veins through the Australian Outback's Channel Country, a sprawling, ancient flood plain named after its crisscrossing river channels. The huge flat area is transformed from a parched desert canvas to a vibrant tapestry of wildflowers when rainfall is abundant. Indigenous Australians have lived off this land for tens of thousands of years and some offer tours and classes about how to survive in the Outback. This unspoiled region is also home to a bonanza of wildlife—kangaroos that bounce along the plains, strutting emus, and preening purple-crowned fairywrens. If you're lucky, you might even spot a bilby—a nocturnal marsupial with rabbit-like ears. So, are you ready to 'channel' your inner explorer?

魔鬼大理石保护区,澳大利亚 Karlu Karlu/Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve, Australia (© Yva Momatiuk and John Eastcott/Minden Pictures)

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魔鬼大理石保护区,澳大利亚 Karlu Karlu/Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve, Australia (© Yva Momatiuk and John Eastcott/Minden Pictures)

大自然的平衡术 Nature's balancing act

古老岩石

这些可不是普通的石头!魔鬼大理石是已知最古老的宗教场所之一,对澳大利亚土著居民来说,它是一个古老的圣地,具有重要的价值。如今,澳大利亚北领地的魔鬼大理石保护区--又称卡鲁卡鲁,保存着这些巨大的圆形巨石。这些岩石由岗岩构成,其奇特的形状是数百万年风化和侵蚀的结果。今天恰好是“古老岩石日”,是欣赏这一地质奇观最好的日子。你知道地球上最古老的岩石在哪吗?阿波罗14号任务期间从月球上带回的月球样本14321,被称为“大伯莎”,经测定约有44.6亿年的历史,只比地球本身年轻一点点。科学家们认为,一颗古老的小行星撞击地球,将大块的陆地碎片抛向太空和月球表面,然后在数百万年后被我们带了回来。无论你是地质学迷,还是自然爱好者,拥抱你周围的矿物质,继续前进吧!

Old Rock Day

These aren't your ordinary rocks! One of the oldest-known religious locations, the Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve is a sacred site to Aboriginal Australians. The site, also called Karlu Karlu, in Australia’s Northern Territory, is home to a collection of giant, gravity-defying boulders. These rocks are composed of granite, and their peculiar shape is the result of millions of years of weathering and erosion.

And what better occasion than Old Rock Day, to appreciate such geological wonders? Did you know that the Earth's oldest rock is truly out of this world? Lunar sample 14321, or 'Big Bertha,' is approximately 4.46 billion years old—just a smidge younger than the Earth itself—and was recovered from the moon during the Apollo 14 mission. Scientists believe that the rock was a meteorite from Earth that hit the moon, only to be brought back home, millions of years later. Whether you're a geology nerd or just a nature lover, today's the day to rock on!

白天堂海滩,圣灵群岛,昆士兰州,澳大利亚 Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, Queensland, Australia (© Coral Brunner/Shutterstock)

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白天堂海滩,圣灵群岛昆士兰州,澳大利亚 Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, Queensland, Australia (© Coral Brunner/Shutterstock)

圣灵群之旅 Whitsunday wanderlust

白天堂海滩,圣灵群岛,澳大利亚

、沙子和海洋汇聚在一起,形成了令人惊叹的圣灵群岛沙滩。圣灵群岛由74个岛屿组成,距离澳大利亚昆士兰州海岸约34英里。游客在这里可以划皮划艇、浮潜、钓鱼、露营,放松身心。它被国家公园大堡礁海洋公园包围,这确保了对这些岛屿的保护。这些岛屿曾是澳大利亚恩加罗人的家园。这个原住民群体也被称为“独木舟人”,因为他们的生活主要围绕着海洋。如今,岛上的主要游客有旅行者、潜水员、露营者和冒险者。所以,下次去澳大利亚度假时,带上防晒霜,去探索原始的白色沙滩吧!

Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, Australia

Sun,
sand, and sea come together to create the stunning beaches of the
Whitsunday Islands, made up of 74 islands off the coast of Queensland,
Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park surrounds and protects the
islands, once home to the Ngaro people of Australia, an Aboriginal
group known as the 'canoe people' due to their seafaring lifestyle.
Today, the island's primary visitors are travelers, divers, campers, and
adventure seekers. So, pack your sunscreen and explore the pristine
white sand beaches on your next vacation down under!

土著艺术品,Ngaruwanajirri艺术中心,Wurrumiyanga,巴瑟斯特岛,澳大利亚 Indigenous artwork, Ngaruwanajirri Art Centre, Wurrumiyanga, Bathurst Island, Australia (© Robert Wyatt/Alamy)

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土著艺术品,Ngaruwanajirri艺术中心,Wurrumiyanga,巴瑟斯特澳大利亚 Indigenous artwork, Ngaruwanajirri Art Centre, Wurrumiyanga, Bathurst Island, Australia (© Robert Wyatt/Alamy)

世界土著人民的一天 A day for the world's Indigenous populations

世界土著人民国际日

据估计,地球上有4.76亿土著人,这个术语的意思是“起源于土地”或土著人,指的是一个地区第一批已知居民的后代。他们约占全球人口的6%,但会说世界上估计7000种语言中的一半以上。我们今天的主页展示了澳大利亚提维人的艺术,他们在只有2000人的社区中说一种独特的语言,与另一种已知的语言没有联系。殖民主义长期以来一直影响着土著人民,导致高贫困率、语言和传统土地的丧失。联合国于1994年首次举办了世界土著人民国际日,每年8月9日,他们都会关注维护世界上最古老文化的权利、尊严和存在的斗争。

International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples

Earth is home to an estimated 476 million Indigenous people, a term meaning 'sprung from the land' or native, which refers to the descendants of an area's first-known inhabitants. They represent about 6% of the global population but speak more than half of the world's estimated 7,000 languages. Our homepage today showcases the art of the Tiwi people of Australia, who speak a unique language unlinked to another other known language, in their community of only 2,000 people. Colonization has long impacted Indigenous people, contributing to high rates of poverty and loss of language and traditional lands. The UN first held the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples in 1994, and every August 9 they bring attention to the fight to preserve the rights, dignity, and existence of the world's oldest cultures.

大堡礁的航拍图,澳大利亚 Aerial image of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia (© AirPano LLC/Amazing Aerial Agency)

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大堡礁的航拍图,澳大利亚 Aerial image of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia (© AirPano LLC/Amazing Aerial Agency)

一望无际的湛蓝 Blue as far as the eye can see

堡礁,澳大利亚

澳大利亚的大堡礁是世界上最大的珊瑚礁,沿澳大利亚海岸蔓延1430英里。许多海洋生物生活在这个珊瑚礁生态系统中,包括鱼、海豚、海以及1500多种鱼类。遗憾的是,这处世界自然遗产正受到气候变化、污染和过度捕捞的威胁。每年的六月一日是世界珊瑚礁日,旨在让人们意识到海洋珊瑚礁系统的脆弱性和重要性,提醒我们每一个人、每一个组织和企业保护这些宝藏、维持自然的平衡。

World Reef Awareness Day

The Great Barrier Reef runs for 1,430 miles along Australia's northeastern coast, providing a home for thousands of species, including more than 1,500 types of fish. Here, you'll find whales, dolphins, turtles, sharks, dugongs, and algae, all living together in a delicate ecosystem that relies on the coral reef. Sadly, climate change and pollution threaten this iconic site, the largest reef in the world. On June 1, we observe World Reef Awareness Day to remind people of the importance of safeguarding coral reefs, which provide food and shelter for about 25% of all marine life, to maintain the balance of nature.

阿德莱德国际风筝节,澳大利亚 Adelaide International Kite Festival, Australia (© Andrey Moisseyev/Alamy)

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阿德莱德国风筝节,澳大利亚 Adelaide International Kite Festival, Australia (© Andrey Moisseyev/Alamy)

去放风筝吧! Go fly a kite!

去放风筝吧!

在风和日丽的日子里放风筝,还有比这更简单的快乐吗?风筝这项神奇的发明具体源于何时尚未可知,但关于放风筝的第一份面记录来自公元前200年的中国。中国最初使用风筝来测量距离,但是随着时间的推移,它们逐渐被用于钓鱼、运动、科学、庆祝及各项娱乐活动。风筝有很多形状,也有各种材料。其实你自己就可以制作简单的风筝,找个风和日丽的日子,放风筝去吧!

Go Fly a Kite Day

Is there a simpler joy than flying a kite on a windy day? The date of this magical invention is unknown, but the first written documentation of kite flying comes from China in 200 BCE. There they were initially used to measure distance, but over the years they have been tapped for fishing, sport, science, celebration, communication, and recreation. Kites can take many shapes and be made of various materials, but all of them have a wing surface, a tether, and a bridle that keeps the surface at an angle to the wind. In fact, you can easily make your own, and there's no better time than today: Go Fly a Kite Day.

新年跨年夜烟花, 悉尼悉尼海港大桥, 澳大利亚 New Year's Eve fireworks, Sydney Harbour Bridge in Sydney, Australia (© Wendell Teodoro/Getty Images)

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新年跨年烟花, 悉尼悉尼海港, 澳大利亚 New Year's Eve fireworks, Sydney Harbour Bridge in Sydney, Australia (© Wendell Teodoro/Getty Images)

跨年夜新年快乐 Happy New Year's Eve from down under

迎接2023年 / 澳大利亚悉尼跨年夜

随着跨年夜在盛夏登陆,许多澳大利亚人选择乘游览美丽的悉尼,参加一年一度的烟表演,以此迎接新年。悉尼海港大桥和举世闻名的悉尼歌剧院作为戏剧背景,今年的第一场烟花表演将于当地时间晚上9点举行,随后在午夜举行第二场。澳大利亚是最早进入新年的国家之一,通常有超过150万人参加悉尼的这一盛大庆祝活动。

每年公历1月1日,标志着新一年的到来,人们习惯将这一天称为“元旦”,俗称“公历年”、“阳历年”或“新历年”。在很多国家,有自己的新年,或是因习俗传统,或者是宗教性的,例如:中国春节,伊斯兰新年,泰米尔新年和犹太新年。

由于地球被划分为多个时区,所以每个时区迎来新年的时间不一,第一个迎来新年的时区,就在国际日期变更线以西,位于莱恩群岛,是基里巴斯国的一部分,时区比世界标准时间早14小时。无人居住的美国边远领土豪兰和贝克岛被指定位于UTC后12小时的时区内,这是地球上最后一个看到1月1日到来的地方。

New Year's Eve in Sydney, Australia

With New Year's Eve landing in midsummer, many Aussies choose to usher in the new year with a boat trip around beautiful Sydney Harbour to take in the annual fireworks display With the Sydney Harbour Bridge and world-famous Sydney Opera House as a dramatic backdrop, the first fireworks show will fire off this year at 9 pm local time, followed by a second show at midnight. Australia is one of the first nations to reach the new year, and more than 1.5 million people are typically in attendance for this spectacular celebration in Sydney.

悉尼奥林匹克公园里的湾标瞭望台,澳大利亚 Bay Marker Lookout, Sydney Olympic Park, Australia (© ai_yoshi/Getty Images)

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悉尼奥林匹克公园里的标瞭望台,澳大利亚 Bay Marker Lookout, Sydney Olympic Park, Australia (© ai_yoshi/Getty Images)

螺旋上升…… Spiraling upward...

Bay Marker Lookout, Sydney Olympic Park, Australia

It's an easy, circular trail to the Bay Marker Lookout, but you have to make it under your own steam—sorry, no cars allowed. This is one of the five Sydney Olympic Park Markers, cone-shaped earth mounds installed for the 2000 Olympics in Australia. They are cleverly placed to look from the air like the Australian flag's Southern Cross. From the ground, the Bay Marker gives a stunning full-360-degree view of Wentworth Common—a large grassy park—and the larger Olympic Park and stadium. You can also look over Homebush Bay (the community and the body of water) to the north. It's a dramatic melding of urban landscape, the city skyline, the wetlands and greenery, rivers, and beaches.

澳大利亚悉尼奥林匹克公园海湾标志了望台

这是一条通往海湾标志了望台的简单的环形小道,但你必须在自己的蒸汽下到达。对不起,不允许开车。这是悉尼奥林匹克公园为2000年澳大利亚奥运会安装的五个圆锥形土墩之一。它们被巧妙地放置在空中,看起来像澳大利亚国旗的南十字。从地面上看,海湾标志物可以360度全方位俯瞰温特沃斯公园(Wentworth Common),这是一个长满青草的大型公园,以及更大的奥林匹克公园和体育场。你也可以在北边俯瞰Homebush湾(社区和水体)。这是城市景观、城市天际线、湿地和绿化、河流海滩的戏剧性融合。

阿克拉曼火山口, 澳大利亚 The Acraman crater, Australia (© USGS/NASA Landsat data/Orbital Horizon/Gallo Images/Getty images)

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阿克拉曼火山口, 澳大利亚 The Acraman crater, Australia (© USGS/NASA Landsat data/Orbital Horizon/Gallo Images/Getty images)

Will we be ready for the 'big one'? 我们准备好迎接“大挑战”了吗?

Asteroid Day

Today is Asteroid Day, and it's a reminder that as our planet follows its path around the sun, it encounters a lot of stuff. Science tells us that, every day, Earth's atmosphere is hit with roughly 100 tons of dust and particles the size of a grain of sand. And every year, at least 30 small meteors make it through, only to burn up before touching the ground. NASA says it's pretty much guaranteed that at least one of them will be about the size of a car. As time progresses, the likelihood increases that even larger celestial rocks will hit the ground and cause significant damage.

Across the globe, there are plenty of reminders of this in the form of craters, like the one in today's photo. The Acraman crater is a point of impact in South Australia. It's believed to have been created about 590 million years ago when hit by an asteroid with a diameter that could have been as large as 56 miles across. For comparison, the asteroid thought to have killed the dinosaurs 66 million years ago was 6.2 miles across. NASA says that an asteroid the size of a football field would cause significant damage. One that could really threaten civilization hits every few million years. Hopefully, with Asteroid Day being observed across 78 countries since its inception in 2015, we'll be prepared when the 'big one' shows up.

小行星

今天是小行星日,它提醒我们,当我们的行星沿着它围绕太阳的轨道运行时,它会遇到很多东西。科学告诉我们,每天,地球大气层都会受到大约100吨沙粒大小的灰尘和颗粒的撞击。每年,至少有30颗小流星穿过,但在到达地面之前就被烧毁了。美国宇航局表示,几乎可以保证其中至少有一辆车的大小。随着时间的推移,更大的天体岩石撞击地面并造成重大损害的可能性增加。

在全球范围内,有很多火山口的形式提醒着我们这一点,就像今天照片中的一样。阿克拉曼火口是南澳大利亚的一个撞击点。据信,它是在大约5.9亿年前被一颗直径可达56英里的小行星撞击时形成的。相比之下,被认为在6600万年前杀死恐龙的小行星直径为6.2英里。美国宇航局表示,足球场大小的小行星将造成重大破坏。每几百万年就会有一次真正威胁文明的袭击。有希望的是,自2015年小行星日成立以来,全球78个国家都在纪念小行星日,我们将在“大一号”出现时做好准备。