标签 巴西 下的文章

亚马逊雨林,巴西 Amazon rainforest, Brazil (© Claus Meyer/plainpicture)

发布于 , 4 次浏览

亚马逊雨林巴西 Amazon rainforest, Brazil (© Claus Meyer/plainpicture)

迷失在迷之中 Getting lost in the mist

世界雨林日

欢迎来到亚马逊雨林,这里有清新的空气,茂密的叶,沙沙作响的树叶,还有成千上万种动物和鸟类的叫声。今天是世界雨林日,让我们向这片土地致敬。亚马逊雨林是南美洲的生态瑰宝,面积超过210万平方英里,其分支遍布九个国家,分别是巴西、秘鲁哥伦比亚玻利维亚厄瓜多尔、法属圭亚那、圭亚那、苏里南和委内瑞拉。如今,亚马逊河流域有3000多万居民,但它也承载着失落文明的秘密,暗示着史前人类的存在。今年早些时候,考古学家在这里发现了一个庞大的城市网络,其历史可以追溯到2500年前。然而,亚马逊雨林的微妙平衡正受到威胁。猖獗的森林砍伐已经使其覆盖面积减少了20%,危及当地和全球气候。据估计,这片森林拥有来自16000个不同物种的3900亿棵树,由于它吸收和储存了大量的二氧化碳,其产生的冷却效应对地球来说是至关重要的。因此,让我们重新承诺,通过学习、分享和采取行动来保护这些至关重要的生态系统。因为他们的生存关系到我们的生存。

World Rainforest Day

Fresh air, rustling leaves, and thousands of wildlife species—welcome to the Amazon rainforest. Covering more than 2,100,000 square miles, this South America treasure extends its branches across nine nations—Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Today, the Amazon is home to more than 30 million people, but it also carries secrets of lost civilizations. Archaeologists recently discovered a network of cities here dating back 2,500 years.

However, deforestation has peeled away 20% of the Amazon's cover, jeopardizing local and global climates. This forest, housing an estimated 390 billion trees, has a critical cooling effect on the planet, absorbing and storing huge amounts of carbon dioxide. World Rainforest Day highlights the need for action to protect all rainforests and help these important ecosystems continue to play a vital role in the health of our planet.

帝王棕榈树,里约热内卢植物园,巴西 Imperial palm trees in the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, Brazil (© Marcia Silva de Mendonca/Getty Images)

发布于 , 72 次浏览

帝王棕榈里约热内卢植物园巴西 Imperial palm trees in the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, Brazil (© Marcia Silva de Mendonca/Getty Images)

带你游花园 Leads you to the garden

里约热内卢植物

里约热内卢植物园是巴西最早规划的植物园之一,始建于殖民时期,园内有8000多种植物,很多都是罕见的品种。这些植物大部分是在温室中繁殖培育而来的,其中一些还模仿了野生品种的自然生长环境。图中展示的是其中一条名为“皇家棕榈大道”的著名的大道,它由134棵棕榈树组成,长约750米(2460英尺),从入口通往园。

植物园中的兰花园和仙人掌花园是不容错过的。兰花园从19世纪末就开始收集兰花,如今约有600种不同的兰花,其中大部分原产于巴西。仙人掌园是里约热内卢植物园中最吸引人的地方,自1910年以来,这里收集了大约400种不同的仙人掌。 建立“仙人掌园”的目的还包括为医学研究提供仙人掌,以及为不同的仙人掌品种建立种子库。

伊瓜苏大瀑布鸟瞰图,巴西 (© Nido Huebl/Shutterstock)

发布于 , 183 次浏览

伊瓜苏大瀑布鸟瞰图,巴西 (© Nido Huebl/Shutterstock)

世界新七大自然奇观之一

伊瓜苏大瀑布,巴拉那州

伊瓜苏大瀑布以其宏伟且独特的美景吸引着游客,是南美洲最令人印象深刻的自然宝藏之一。这个壮观的瀑布位于巴西和阿根廷的交界处,不仅是一个不可错过的旅游景点,也是全球公认的瑰宝。1986年,伊瓜苏大瀑布被联合国教科文组织评为世界遗产,并被世界新七大奇迹基金会评选为世界七大自然奇观之一。

瀑布所在的伊瓜苏国家公园是一个广阔的环境保护区,拥有丰富的生物多样性。在公园的小径和人行道上游览时,游客有机会目睹各种野生动物,包括美洲豹、水豚和各种热带鸟类。


内格罗河,亚马逊河流域,巴西 Río Negro, Amazon basin, Brazil (© Timothy Allen/Getty Images)

发布于 , 194 次浏览

内格罗亚马逊河流域,巴西 Río Negro, Amazon basin, Brazil (© Timothy Allen/Getty Images)

水上明镜 Mirror, mirror, on the water

内格罗河,亚马逊河流域,巴西

内格罗河起源于哥伦比亚,是亚马逊河的支流之一。在西班牙语中,
内格罗河(Río
Negro)的意思是“黑色的河”,因为从远处看它,河水是黑色的。但走进观看,其河面平静如镜,就如图中所展示的那样,可以倒映出蔚蓝的天空以及彩虹的颜色。内格罗河的河水之所以是黑色的,是因为附近沼泽中渗出了有机物分解时产生的高浓度腐殖酸。作为亚马逊河北岸最大的支流之一,内格罗河在复杂的亚马逊流域生态系统中发挥着至关重要的作用。它也是许多动植物的家园,比如极度濒危的黑白柽柳猴、巴西巨獭以及近700种鱼类。

Río Negro, Amazon basin, Brazil

From its source in Colombia, the Río Negro flows about 1,400 miles to become one of the largest tributaries of the Amazon River at the Meeting of Waters in Manaus, Brazil. It is also the largest blackwater river in the world, its water stained by decomposing organic matter that seeps in from swamps. These slow-moving, dark waters beautifully reflect the colors of the sky, including the rainbows which form over the Amazon basin, as seen here. The river also plays a crucial role in the ecosystem, as the home of many plants and animals, including the critically endangered Brazilian barefaced tamarin, the giant river otter, and nearly 700 species of fish.

Itaimbezinho峡谷,巴西 Itaimbezinho canyon, Brazil (© NidoHuebl/Getty Images)

发布于 , 341 次浏览

Itaimbezinho峡谷巴西 Itaimbezinho canyon, Brazil (© NidoHuebl/Getty Images)

在大自然中漫步 Walk in nature

Itaimbezinho峡谷,巴西

Itaimbezinho

峡谷是南里奥格兰德州最著名的峡谷。它是巴西自然奇观之一,位于南坎巴拉市,它是巴西南坎巴拉市的自然奇观之一,位于阿帕拉多斯达塞拉国家公园内。Itaimbezinho峡谷两侧的峭壁非常直,如刀切一般。Itaimbezinho峡谷名字便得名于峭壁的特征,在图皮瓜拉尼语中:"ita"的意思是石头,"aimbé"的意思是切割和锋利。

Itaimbezinho canyon, Brazil

The Itaimbezinho Canyon is the most famous canyon in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. It is one of the natural wonders of Brazil in the city of Cambará do Sul, located in the Aparados da Serra National Park. Itaimbezinho has extremely straight walls that give the impression of having been cut with a knife. This characteristic gave rise to the name, in Tupi Guarani: "ita" means stone, and "aimbé" means cutting and sharp. The region of the canyons was also the habitat of the Indians and has also been the scene of several soap operas and miniseries.

亚马逊河鸟瞰图,巴西 Aerial view of the Amazon River in Brazil (© Curioso.Photography/Shutterstock)

发布于 , 420 次浏览

AmazonMangroves_ZH-CN2154443859_1920x1080.jpg

亚马逊鸟瞰图,巴西 Aerial view of the Amazon River in Brazil (© Curioso.Photography/Shutterstock)

匆匆而逝的河流 The rivers run through us

World Rivers Day

On World Rivers Day, we honor what may be thought of as the queen of them all—the Amazon, which flows more than 4,000 miles mostly through the South American countries of Peru and Brazil. The Amazon discharges a whopping 58 million gallons of fresh water into the ocean every second, enough to fill 83 Olympic-sized swimming pools, far more water than any other river in the world. It accounts for 20% of all fresh water that flows into the world's seas and oceans. It's also the vital heart of the largest and most diverse rain forest in the world—the Amazon Rain Forest is home to a third of the world's animal species and its trees and plants pull billions of tons of heat-trapping carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year, making it one of the Earth's best defenses against climate change.

Mark Angelo, a river conservationist from British Columbia, launched World Rivers Day in 2005 to recognize the importance of rivers to the survival of humanity and millions of species all over the world. Rivers are our best source of fresh water, they can be an important energy source, they're the foundations of complex ecosystems, and provide crucial sources of irrigation for our crops, among other contributions to our way of life. Besides, who doesn't love a float down a lazy river?

世界河流日

在世界河流日,我们向可能被认为是所有河流中的女王的亚马逊河致敬,该河流经4000多英里,主要流经南美国秘鲁和巴西。亚马逊河每秒向海洋排放5800万加仑的淡水,足以填满83个奥运会规模的游泳池,远远超过世界上任何其他河流。它占流入世界海洋的所有淡水的20%。亚马逊雨林是世界上最大、种类最多的雨林的重要心脏,是世界三分之一动物物种的家园,其木和植物每年从大气中吸收数十亿吨的吸热二氧化碳,使其成为地球抵御气候变化的最佳防御措施之一。

来自不列颠哥伦比亚省的河流保护主义者马克·安吉洛(Mark Angelo)于2005年发起了世界河流日活动,以认识到河流对全世界人类和数百万物种生存的重要性。河流是我们最好的淡水来源,它们可以是重要的能源,是复杂生态系统的基础,为我们的作物提供重要的灌溉资源,以及对我们生活方式的其他贡献。此外,谁不喜欢沿着懒惰的河流漂流?

明天博物馆, 巴西里约热内卢 Museu do Amanhã (Museum of Tomorrow) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (© Nido Huebl/Shutterstock)

发布于 , 403 次浏览

MuseudoAmanha_EN-CN9082384575_1920x1080.jpg

明天博物馆, 巴西里约热内卢 Museu do Amanhã (Museum of Tomorrow) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (© Nido Huebl/Shutterstock)

Back to the future 回到未来

200th anniversary of Brazilian independence

Today we visit the Museu do Amanhã (Museum of Tomorrow) in Rio de Janeiro to celebrate 200 years of Brazilian independence. Designed by Spanish neofuturist architect Santiago Calatrava, the unique structure was commissioned to showcase Rio's revitalized waterfront ahead of the 2016 Olympics. The museum comprises five main areas: Cosmos, Earth, Anthropocene, Tomorrow, and Us, each inviting visitors to interact in different ways and learn about living in a sustainable world.

Brazil gained independence from Portugal just a few decades after the United States broke off from Great Britain, though it happened in a decidedly different way. Don Pedro I, first emperor of Brazil, was a member of the Portuguese ruling family (he would eventually briefly rule Portugal too). When Portugal threatened to take back the political autonomy Brazil had enjoyed since 1808, Pedro sided with his adopted homeland against the Portuguese. After a three-year war that was largely bloodless, the Empire of Brazil, which preceded the vibrantly diverse democracy we know today, was born on September 7, 1822.

巴西独立200周年

今天,我们参观了里约热内卢的明天博物馆(Museu do Amanhã),以庆祝巴西独立200周年。由西班牙新未来主义建筑圣地亚哥·卡拉特拉瓦(Santiago Calatrava)设计,这座独特的建筑被委托在2016年奥运会之前展示里约复兴的滨水区。博物馆由五个主要区域组成:宇宙地球、人类世、明天和我们,每个区域都邀请游客以不同的方式互动,了解如何生活在一个可持续发展的世界中。

美国脱离英国之后的几十年里,巴西从葡萄牙获得了独立,尽管这是以一种截然不同的方式发生的。巴西第一位皇帝唐·佩德罗一世是葡萄牙统治家族的成员(他最终也将短暂统治葡萄牙)。当葡萄牙威胁要夺回巴西自1808年以来享有的政治自治权时,佩德罗站在自己的祖国一边反对葡萄牙人。在经历了一场三年的基本上不流血的战争后,巴西帝国于1822年9月7日诞生,它先于我们今天所知的充满活力的多元化民主。

格洛里亚附近的码头和糖面包山,巴西里约热内卢 Marina da Glória and Sugarloaf Mountain, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (© f11photo/Getty Images)

发布于 , 412 次浏览

MarinaDaGloria_ZH-CN6894795645_1920x1080.jpg

格洛里亚附近的码头和糖面包巴西里约热内卢 Marina da Glória and Sugarloaf Mountain, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (© f11photo/Getty Images)

里约热内卢的象征 The symbols of Rio

Sugarloaf Mountain

Perhaps one of the most internationally recognized parts of Brazil, Sugarloaf Mountain overlooks the surrounding waters of Guanabara Bay and the bustling city of Rio de Janeiro. A famous cable car connects Urca – the first hill (215 metres) on the way up to Sugarloaf Mountain – with the mountain itself, which reaches a height of 396 metres above the harbour. Together they form the Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Natural Monument which, along with the Christ the Redeemer statue, are the city's most famous postcard images. The vehicle, which also connects the two hills to Praia Vermelha, was conceived in 1908 and opened in 1912. It was the first cable car in the country and the third in the world.

In today's image, the impressive mountain scenery and docked yachts are reflected in the waters of Marina da Glória. Nestled between Sugarloaf and Corcovado Mountains, Marina da Glória is one of the city’s most popular waterfront destinations. The venue hosted sailing competitions at the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games and now receives around 1.3 million visitors a year. The marina is one of South America’s premier charter destinations and can accommodate yachts measuring up to 60 meters in length. From here you can explore Flamengo Park, the largest public park and recreation area within the city, as well as enjoy some of the best views of Sugarloaf Mountain.

糖面包山

糖面包山可能是巴西最受国际认可的地区之一,它可以俯瞰瓜纳巴拉周围的水域和繁华的里约热内卢市。一辆著名的缆车将乌尔卡(Urca)——通往糖面包山(Sugarloaf Mountain)的第一座山(215米)——与港口上方396米的山相连。它们一起形成了糖面包山和乌尔卡山自然纪念碑,与救世主基督雕像一起,是该市最著名的明信片图像。这辆车也连接了两座山和普拉亚·维梅尔哈(Praia Vermelha),设计于1908年,并于1912年投入使用。这是该国第一辆缆车,也是世界第三辆缆车。

在今天的图片中,令人印象深刻的山景和停靠的游艇反映在Marina da Glória的水域中。Marina da Glória位于Sugarloaf和Corcovado山脉之间,是该市最受欢迎的海滨目的地之一。该场馆举办了2016年里约奥运会和残奥会的帆船比赛,目前每年接待约130万游客。码头是南美洲主要的租目的地之一,可容纳长达60米的游艇。从这里,您可以探索弗拉门戈公园,这是市内最大的公共公园和娱乐区,还可以欣赏到糖面包山的一些最佳景色。

大自然的水族馆中的水下景观,巴西 Underwater river scene with freshwater plants and tetra fish, Aquário Natural, Rio Baia Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (© Michel Roggo/Minden Pictures)

发布于 , 369 次浏览

AquarioNatural_ZH-CN3886634374_1920x1080.jpg

大自然的水族馆中的水下景观,巴西 Underwater river scene with freshwater plants and tetra fish, Aquário Natural, Rio Baia Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (© Michel Roggo/Minden Pictures)

如此清澈,如此洁净 So fresh, so clean

Freshwater plants in Aquario Natural, Brazil

Aquário Natural (Natural Aquarium, naturally) is the pristine, crystal-clear source of the Baía Bonita River and a highlight of the Baía Bonita Ecological Reserve. This remote inland region of Brazil is a popular spot for eco-tourism. A tour of the Aquário Natural offers a hike through the jungle followed by snorkeling with over 30 varieties of fish and gorgeous vegetation to marvel at. Other popular activities of the area include swimming the Silver River, rappelling 236 feet down into the waters of the Anhumas Abyss, and walking through the treetops on the suspended steel walkway of the Circuito Arvorismo (The Trees Circuit).

The underwater scene in today's image of plants and tetra fish was photographed by Swiss artist Michel Roggo. Since 2010, Roggo has crisscrossed the world in search of the most beautiful freshwater environments. His work has taken him to 48 locations where he has taken more than 12,000 photographs. His projects highlight the need to protect unsullied locations and to safeguard the world's wetlands and freshwater ecosystems.

巴西Aquario Natural的淡水植物

阿奎里奥自然水族馆(Natural Aquario,Natural)是巴尼亚博尼塔的原始、清澈的源头,也是巴尼亚博尼塔生态保护区的一大亮点。巴西这个偏远的内陆地区是生态旅游的热门景点。阿奎里奥自然之旅提供了一次穿越丛林的徒步旅行,然后是30多种鱼类和华丽植被的浮潜。该地区其他受欢迎的活动包括在银河上游泳,用绳索将236英尺的水降到Anhumas深渊的水中,以及在Circuito Arvorismo(木赛道)的悬挂式钢制走道上穿过树梢。

今天的植物和鱼类图片中的水下场景是由瑞士艺术家米歇尔·罗格拍摄的。自2010年以来,罗格在世界各地寻找最美丽的淡水环境。他的工作带他去了48个地方,在那里他拍了12000多张照片。他的项目强调了保护无污染地点和保护世界湿地和淡水生态系统的必要性。

上弗洛雷斯塔附近晨雾中亚马逊雨林,巴西马托格罗索 Amazon rainforest with fog in the morning near Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, Brazil (© Pulsar Imagens/Alamy)

发布于 , 762 次浏览

AltaFloresta_ZH-CN9153671055_1920x1080.jpg

上弗洛雷斯塔附近晨亚马逊雨林巴西马托格罗索 Amazon rainforest with fog in the morning near Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, Brazil (© Pulsar Imagens/Alamy)

A misty morning in Brazil

The Amazon rainforest is big. Almost unimaginably big. To begin to grasp its immensity, consider these numbers: The Amazon rainforest covers about 2% of the world's surface area, nearly 2.1 million square miles across South America, mostly (nearly 60%) in the country you see here, Brazil. It's an area that accounts for over half the Earth's remaining rainforests. The breadth of biodiversity is incomparable–nearly 16,000 different tree species, 40,000 species of other plants, 2.5 million insect species, and over 2,000 different types of birds and mammals. Incredibly, perhaps a tenth of the planet's known species call the Amazon home, many of which have not even been identified.

Yet, despite its vastness and ecological riches, the Amazon and the world's rainforests in general are in jeopardy, with large swaths of these precious environments being stripped and spoiled every day. Recent analysis has revealed some ominous warning signs that the Amazon rainforest, long known as the 'Lungs of the World,' is now spewing out as much greenhouse gas as it can store because of rampant deforestation here. If true, this is a bad sign in our battle against climate change. Hopefully, these warnings will raise awareness about the importance of rainforests, and the vital 'carbon sink' role they play in creating and maintaining the air that we breath. The more we learn about rainforests, the more we appreciate how our own future, and the future of our planet, hinges upon their health.

巴西雾蒙蒙的早晨

亚马逊雨林很大。几乎难以想象的大。要开始理解它的浩瀚,考虑一下这些数字:亚马逊雨林覆盖了大约2%的世界表面积,几乎210万平方英里横跨南美洲,大部分(近60%)在你看到的国家,巴西。这个地区占了地球剩余雨林的一半以上。生物多样性的广度是无与伦比的——将近16000种不同的种,40000种其他植物,250万种昆虫,2000多种不同类型的鸟类和哺乳动物。令人难以置信的是,地球上大约十分之一的已知物种称亚马逊为家,其中许多物种甚至还没有被确认。

然而,尽管亚马逊地区幅员辽阔,生态资源丰富,但它和整个世界的雨林都处于危险之中,大片宝贵的环境每天都被剥夺和破坏。最近的分析揭示了一些不祥的警告信号,长期以来被称为“世界之肺”的亚马逊雨林,由于这里森林砍伐猖獗,现在正喷出尽可能多的温室气体。如果这是真的,那么这是我们应对气候变化斗争中的一个坏迹象。希望这些警告能提高人们对雨林重要性的认识,以及它们在创造和维持我们呼吸的空气中所起的重要“碳汇”作用。我们对雨林了解得越多,我们就越了解我们自己的未来,以及我们星球的未来如何取决于它们的健康。