标签 山丘 下的文章

世界著名气泡酒产地普罗塞克山丘, 意大利威尼托 Farra di Soligo in the Prosecco Hills of Veneto, Italy (© Olimpio Fantuz/Sime/eStock Photo)

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世界著名气泡酒产地普罗塞克山丘,意大利威尼托 Farra di Soligo in the Prosecco Hills of Veneto, Italy (© Olimpio Fantuz/Sime/eStock Photo)

Autumn in the Prosecco Hills

It's fall here in the Prosecco Hills of northeastern Italy. We're just outside Farra di Soligo, a village about 30 miles northwest of Venice. This region is known for growing the glera grape used to make the white wine called prosecco. Once a humble sparkling wine, and considered a poor cousin to Champagne, prosecco now eclipses Champagne in global popularity. More than 600 million bottles of prosecco were produced in Italy in 2018, about twice the amount of Champagne.

Of those 600 million bottles produced a year, about 90 million bottles of prosecco come from the Prosecco Hills region. Like most Italian grape-growing areas, the Prosecco Hills boast a spectacular landscape. Small plots of grapes have grown on narrow grassy terraces known as 'ciglioni' since the 17th century. From above, the ciglioni produce a checkerboard effect with vines growing both horizontally along and vertical to the hillsides. Some plots even use the 19th-century 'bellussera' technique of training the grapevines to grow up along trees. This region is so distinctive, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2019.

普洛塞科

它落在意大利东北部的普罗塞科山上。我们就在法拉·迪·索利戈(Farra di Soligo)外面,这是一个距离威尼斯西北约30英里的村庄。这一地区以种植用来酿造白葡萄酒普罗塞科(prosecco)的格雷拉葡萄而闻名。普罗塞科一度是一种谦逊的起泡酒,被认为是香槟的穷表亲,但现在它在全球的受欢迎程度超过了香槟。2018年,意大利生产了6亿多瓶prosecco,约为香槟产量的两倍。

在每年生产的6亿瓶产品中,约有9000万瓶来自prosecco Hills地区。像大多数意大利葡萄种植区一样,普洛塞科山拥有壮观的景观。自17世纪以来,小片葡萄种植在被称为“ciglioni”的狭窄草地梯田上。从上面看,ciglioni产生了棋盘效应,藤蔓沿山坡水平和垂直生长。一些葡萄园甚至采用19世纪的“贝卢斯拉”技术,训练葡萄沿着木生长。该地区非常独特,2019年被联合国教科文组织命名为世界遗产。

约克郡谷地国家公园里的山丘,英格兰 Howgill Fells in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, England (© davidnmoorhouse/iStock/Getty Images Plus)

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约克郡谷地国家公园里的山丘英格兰 Howgill Fells in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, England (© davidnmoorhouse/iStock/Getty Images Plus)

Between the Lakes and the Dales

Nestled between the Yorkshire Dales and the Lake District, the smooth rounded shapes and steep gills (ravines) of the Howgill Fells capture an eye-catching pattern of light and shade. These ancient hills, formed more than 400 million years ago, have remained a largely settlement-free zone, uncrossed by roads and untouched by development. Trees are scarce on the high ground, where sheep and wild ponies graze and small streams tumble down dark, narrow gullies and the panoramic views from the fells are a sight worth climbing for. The highest point is the top of The Calf, at 2,218ft (676m), from where hikers can enjoy a 20-mile skyline of the Lakeland peaks, the Yorkshire Three Peaks and the nearer Howgill peaks.

Part of the range sits within Yorkshire Dales National Park, although they are actually in the county of Cumbria. The Howgill Fells’ striking appearance was perhaps best summed up by the famed fell walker and guide book author A. Wainwright as “sleek and smooth, looking from a distance like velvet curtains in sunlight, like silken drapes at sunset … a remarkable concentration of summits often likened to a huddle of squatting elephants”.

与谷之间

坐落在约克郡山谷和湖区之间的豪吉尔森林,平滑的圆形和陡峭的鳃(沟壑)捕捉到了引人注目的明暗模式。这些形成于4亿多年前的古老丘一直是一个基本上没有定居点的区域,没有道路交叉,也没有开发。高地木稀少,绵羊和野马在那里吃草,小溪从黑暗狭窄的沟壑中滚滚而下,从山林中俯瞰全景是一个值得攀登的景观。最高点是小牛的顶部,海拔2218英尺(676米),徒步旅行者可以在这里欣赏20英里的湖畔山峰、约克郡三峰和更近的豪吉尔峰的天际线。

部分山脉位于约克郡山谷国家公园内,尽管它们实际上位于坎布里亚县。豪吉尔·费尔斯引人注目的外表也许是著名的费尔沃克和导游作者A的最佳概括。温赖特被称为“滑光滑,从远处看,就像阳光下的天鹅绒窗帘,像日落时的丝绸窗帘……山峰的显著集中常常被比作一群蹲着的大象”。