标签 梯田 下的文章

越南安沛省木仓寨的水稻梯田 Rice terraces of Mù Cang Chải, Yên Bái province, Vietnam (© Kiatanan Sugsompian/Getty Images)

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越南安沛省木仓寨的水稻梯田 Rice terraces of Mù Cang Chải, Yên Bái province, Vietnam (© Kiatanan Sugsompian/Getty Images)

下的梯田 Rice and shine

越南安沛省木仓寨的水稻梯田

在越南安沛省连绵起伏的群之中,木仓寨地区的水稻梯田是农耕文化的精华所在。苗族是一个以其丰富的文化和充满活力的服装而闻名的少数民族,世世代代精心雕刻着这些层叠的山丘。19世纪,苗族从中国迁徙到越南北部。他们擅长轮作(一种农业系统),在这种农业系统中,土地被暂时耕种,种植的作物包括小米、水稻、玉米和大麦,随后再恢复其自然植被。

木仓寨拥有约5,500英亩的梯田。正值收获季节,游客还可以在当地市场品尝越南美食和购买丰富多彩的纪念品,或登上罗盘秦村的山顶欣赏该地区迷人的地形地貌。

Rice terraces of Mù Cang Chải, Yên Bái province, Vietnam

Amid the rolling hills of northern Vietnam's Yên Bái province, the rice terraces of Mù Cang Chải district are a mosaic of agricultural excellence. The Hmong people, an ethnic minority who migrated here from China in the 19th century, have meticulously carved these cascading hills for generations. Mù Cang Chải boasts approximately 5,500 acres of terraced rice fields, which flood with water between September and October, reflecting the surrounding mountains and sky. Visitors can also indulge in Vietnamese dishes and colorful souvenirs at the local markets or climb to the peak of La Pan Tan village to enjoy views of this stunning landscape.

乌布的德格拉朗梯田,印度尼西亚 Tegallalang terrace farms in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia (© Cavan Images/Adobe Stock)

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乌布的德格拉朗梯田印度尼西亚 Tegallalang terrace farms in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia (© Cavan Images/Adobe Stock)

俯瞰层叠的梯田 Hovering over harmonious horticulture

德格拉朗梯田,巴厘岛印度尼西

稻米在巴厘文化中扮演着重要角色,特加拉朗梯田是巴厘岛最著名的稻田之一。德格拉朗梯田利用独特的供水系统进行水稻种植,优化了水的配置及使用。传统的巴厘岛灌溉系统,被称为苏巴克(Subak),效率极高,目前已被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。从空中俯瞰特加拉朗梯田,田野风令人惊叹。如果你要去巴厘岛,一定要去特加拉朗梯田看看。

Tegallalang terrace farms in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia

Sweeping downhill in our homepage image are the famous rice terraces of Tegallalang, one of Bali's most popular tourist attractions. They are carved into the side of a valley near the town of Ubud and use the traditional Subak irrigation system, which dates back to the 9th century. Bali's rivers and streams provide year-round water for its crops but here people work hand-in-hand with nature, and a network of irrigation channels distribute water to each paddy field. They carefully tend rice plants during the growing season, as generations have done before them, before harvesting and distributing the rice between the community. The Subak system is so important in Balinese culture, it has been recognised by UNESCO. These terraces offer visitors panoramic views over the surrounding rice fields and lush landscape, as well as a picturesque example of people living in harmony with nature.

梯田鸟瞰图,元阳,中国 Aerial view of terraced rice fields, Yuanyang County, China (© AlexGcs/Getty Images)

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梯田鸟瞰图,元阳,中国 Aerial view of terraced rice fields, Yuanyang County, China (© AlexGcs/Getty Images)

彩虹般的风景 An iridescent view

梯田,元阳,中国

元阳梯田风景壮丽,已被联合国教科文组织列为世界文化遗产。这些壮观的梯田位于中国南省,总面积约17万亩,有1300多年的历史。成片的梯田沿着哀牢缓缓延伸,色彩丰富、景观壮丽,是摄影爱好者的“天堂”。元阳县远离城市的喧嚣,游客们可以放心享受这里的宁静。在这里,依然可以感受到原住民哈尼族延续了数百年的文化,绚丽多彩的服饰、传统的房屋,以及在田间劳作的水牛,它们共同构成了一幅极其动人的彩绘版画。

Terraced rice fields, Yuanyang County, China

The Yuanyang rice terraces are a sight to behold and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Located in the Yunnan province in China, these spectacular terraced fields cover an area of more than 65 square miles and are more than 1,300 years old. The rice fields are carved along the original contour lines of the mountains, and their beautiful hues, eye-catching landscape, and gigantic size make them a marvel to look at and photograph. Nestled away from the ruckus of the city, Yuanyang County gives visitors a relaxing and tranquil setting to enjoy. The centuries-old culture of the indigenous Hani people is still very visible in this quiet space: Colorful outfits, traditional houses, and buffaloes working the fields complete the picture.

土耳其棉花堡的石灰华梯田 Travertine terraces of Pamukkale, Turkey (© bybostanci/Getty Images)

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土耳其堡的石灰华梯田 Travertine terraces of Pamukkale, Turkey (© bybostanci/Getty Images)

天堂般的温 Heavenly hot springs

Pamukkale, Turkey

The stunning travertine terraces and hot pools of Pamukkale, Turkey, have dazzled visitors since at least the end of the 2nd century BCE and the founding of the Greco-Roman thermal spa of Hierapolis. Since then, people have enjoyed a relaxing soak in the 97-degree Fahrenheit water, claiming curative powers for many ailments.

It makes sense that Pamukkale is also known as the 'Cotton Palace,' in a nod to the fluffy-looking white formations that cover the hillside. That 'cotton' is travertine, a soft limestone that is formed over centuries as calcite-laden water drops from springs on a cliff high above. Here it's a stunning white, but travertine can be found in many different colors, ranging from gray to gold.

The terraces and the ancient ruins of Hierapolis are so unique that they were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. New restrictions to protect the pools include a cap on the number of bathers, so you may not be allowed to take a dip. But there's plenty to marvel at here. Walk around the ruins of the theater and necropolis, the ancient temples, and bath houses in Hierapolis. You'll be in good company: The hot springs and Hierapolis draw more than 2 million visitors a year, making them one of Turkey's most visited attractions.

帕穆卡莱,土耳其

至少从公元前2世纪末和希拉波里斯希腊罗马温泉浴场的建立起,土耳其帕穆卡勒令人惊叹的石灰华露台和热水池就让游客们眼花缭乱。从那时起,人们在华氏97度的水中享受着放松的浸泡,声称对许多疾病都有疗效。

Pamukkale也被称为“棉花宫”,这是有道理的,因为它与覆盖在坡上的蓬松的白色地层相呼应。这种“棉花”是石灰华,一种柔软的石灰岩,几个世纪以来,富含方解石的水从悬崖上方的泉水中滴落而成。这是一种令人惊叹的白色,但石灰华有许多不同的颜色,从灰色到金色不等。

Hierapolis的梯田和古代遗址非常独特,因此被联合国教科文组织命名为世界遗产。保护游泳池的新限制包括对游泳人数的限制,因此你可能不被允许游泳。但这里有很多值得惊叹的地方。在希拉波里斯的剧院和墓地遗址、古庙和澡堂周围走走。你会有很好的同伴:温泉和希拉波利斯每年吸引200多万游客,使其成为土耳其游客最多的景点之一。

乌布德格拉朗梯田,印度尼西亚巴厘岛 Tegalalang Rice Terraces, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia (© Michele Falzone/Alamy)

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乌布德格拉朗梯田印度尼西亚巴厘岛 Tegalalang Rice Terraces, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia (© Michele Falzone/Alamy)

Terraced fields of green

Twice a year, all of Bali, Indonesia—including those who live and work in the lush, green rice terraces you see here—join together to celebrate the country's most important holiday, Galungan. This 10-day Balinese-Hindu milestone always comes at the end of the traditional 210-day Balinese calendar, usually in March or April, and then again in September or October.

This spring, the festivities began on April 14, and on that day the Balinese invited the spirits of their ancient ancestors into their homes with prayers and other offerings draped from bamboo poles called penjor, which seem to be erected everywhere. Planted in the ground at individual homes or along the sides of roads and decorated with coconut leaves and flowers, penjor are used to hang offerings as a kind gesture towards the spirits. The tenth and final day of Galungan is called Kuningan, which comes on April 24 this year. To mark this finale, a specially prepared yellow rice will be offered to the departing ancestors, a gift to accompany them on their return journey to the spirit world.

绿色梯田

每年两次,印度尼西亚巴厘—包括那些住在这里绿油的梯田里生活和工作的人—一起庆祝这个国家最重要的节日,加尔隆根。这10天的巴厘印度教里程碑总是在传统的210天巴厘历的结束,通常是在3月或4月,然后在9月或10月再次出现。

今年春天,节日从4月14日开始,那天巴厘人邀请他们古老祖先的灵魂们到他们的家里,祈祷和其他祭品都是用竹竿做成的,这些竹竿上挂着,这些祭品似乎到处都是竖立的。彭若尔种植在单独的家里或道路的两侧,用椰子叶和鲜花装饰,用来悬挂祭品,作为对灵魂的一种亲切的姿态。高龙根的第十天也是最后一天,叫做昆ingan,今年4月24日。为了纪念这一结局,将向离世的祖先赠送一份特制的黄米,作为陪伴他们返回精神世界的礼物。

日内瓦湖岸上陡峭的拉沃葡萄园梯田,瑞士 Steeply terraced vineyards of the Lavaux region on the shores of Lake Geneva, Switzerland (© Yves Marcoux/plainpicture)

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日内瓦湖岸上陡峭的拉沃葡萄园梯田瑞士 Steeply terraced vineyards of the Lavaux region on the shores of Lake Geneva, Switzerland (© Yves Marcoux/plainpicture)

A crush in Lavaux

The 'crush season,' aka the grape harvest, has arrived in these picturesque Swiss vineyards. The steeply terraced vineyards of the Lavaux region along Lake Geneva's northern shore produce grapes for some of the best wine in the country. The vine terraces can be traced back to the 11th century, when Benedictine and Cistercian monasteries controlled the area. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2007, Lavaux is the largest contiguous vineyard region in Switzerland. It's known for producing Chasselas wine, a full, dry, and fruity white wine that's considered the ideal pairing for Swiss raclette cheese. We'll toast to that!