标签 雕刻 下的文章

悬崖上雕刻的古老岩石墓葬,土耳其达利安附近 Ancient rock tombs carved into the cliff near Dalyan, Turkey (© Reinhard Schmid/eStock Photo)

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悬崖雕刻的古老岩石墓葬,土耳其达利安附近 Ancient rock tombs carved into the cliff near Dalyan, Turkey (© Reinhard Schmid/eStock Photo)

Turkey, Ancient rock tombs

Among the remains of the ancient Anatolian port city of Kaunos are these carvings in the sheer rock walls above the Dalyan Çayı River. Overlooking the modern-day city of Dalyan, Turkey, what appear to be ornate cliff dwellings are really the weathered facades of tombs for the elite of a once-forgotten society.

With a history of human habitation going back almost 3,000 years, Kaunos has over the centuries found itself under Persian, Greek, Persian (again), Macedonian, Roman, Lycian, Roman (again), and finally Turkish rule—just to give you the highlights. But it was the sands of time that conquered the city once and for all: Silty deposits from the river eventually mucked up the port so badly it became useless. Gradually abandoned, Kaunos' location was lost to memory, and its rock-hewn Lycian tombs, monuments, and 5,000-seater amphitheater were relegated to rumor until a British surveyor rediscovered the site in 1842.

土耳其,古岩墓

在古老的安纳托利亚港口城市卡乌诺斯的遗迹中,有这些雕刻在达利安ı上方陡峭的岩壁上。俯瞰土耳其现代城市Dalyan,看似华丽的悬崖住宅实际上是一个曾经被遗忘的社会精英们的坟墓风化的正面。

Kaunos的人类居住历史可以追溯到近3000年前,几个世纪以来,它一直处于波斯人、希腊人、波斯人(再次)、马其顿人、罗马人、利西亚人、罗马人(再次)以及最后的土耳其统治之下,这只是为了给你一个亮点。但是,正是时间的沙粒一劳永逸地征服了这座城市:河流中的淤泥沉积物最终把口弄得一团糟,变得毫无用处。卡诺斯的位置逐渐被遗弃,人们对其失去了记忆,其岩石凿成的利西亚陵墓、纪念碑和5000座的圆形剧场也被流言传开,直到1842年一名英国勘测员重新发现该地点。