标签 雅典 下的文章

雅典和卫城,希腊 View over Athens and the Acropolis, Greece (© Mlenny/Getty Images)

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雅典卫城希腊 View over Athens and the Acropolis, Greece (© Mlenny/Getty Images)

西方哲学的发源地 The birthplace of Western philosophy

世界哲学日

值此世界哲学日之际,我们一起来了解一下希腊首都雅典。这座城市既是欧洲哲学的发源地,也是西方文明的摇篮,其标志性建筑雅典卫城和帕特农神庙让我们想起苏格拉底、柏拉图和亚里士多德的聪明才智。古希腊哲学注重批判性思维和质疑精神,希腊三贤掀起的理性革命,对当今社会仍有深远的影响。联合国教科文组织也通过庆祝世界哲学日,来彰显哲学对人类思想、文化和个人的深远影响。哲学是一门智慧学,今天就点时间去领略哲学的奥秘吧!

World Philosophy Day

On World Philosophy Day, we're in Athens, the capital of Greece, the birthplace of Western philosophy and democracy. The iconic Acropolis, the ancient citadel that towers over Athens, and its most famous monument, the Parthenon, remind us of the brilliant minds of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Ancient Greek philosophy focused on critical thinking and questioning and started a revolution of rationale that is still shaping our society today. UNESCO recognizes the profound impact philosophy has on human thought, cultures, and individuals on World Philosophy Day. Take time today to discover the depths of the 'love of wisdom'!

雅典卫城的帕特农神庙,希腊 The Parthenon temple in the Acropolis of Athens, Greece (© Lucky-photographer/Shutterstock)

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Olympics125_ZH-CN3521721828_1920x1080.jpg

雅典卫城的帕特农神庙希腊 The Parthenon temple in the Acropolis of Athens, Greece (© Lucky-photographer/Shutterstock)

On the rebirth of the Olympic Games

Today marks the 125th anniversary of the first modern Olympic games, held in Athens in 1896—1,500 years after they were banned by the Roman Emperor. (The original games were held at least as far back as 776 BCE and probably earlier.) The 1896 games were held in the Panathenaic Stadium, in the shadow of the Acropolis of Athens, shown here. Those newly revived games of 1896 included athletes from 14 countries, with the largest delegations from Greece, Germany, France, and Great Britain. The 43 events included a marathon, tennis, cycling, fencing, shooting, Greco-Roman wrestling, and swimming. And while some things haven't changed over the years, some were pretty different back then. Swimmers were taken out to sea by boat for the longer races and had to swim back to shore. Winners were given a silver medal (copper for second place), as well as an olive branch and a diploma.

This is a unique time for the Olympics. We can look forward to the postponed 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Tokyo (now scheduled to start in July 2021) as well as the Winter Games in Beijing in 2022. The Beijing games will feature a mascot panda named Bing Dwen Dwen. 'Bing' means ice and symbolizes purity and strength, and 'Dwen Dwen' represents children. After the postponement of 2020, we can't wait to hear, 'Let the games begin!'

奥运会的重生

今天是第一届现代奥林匹克运动会125周年纪念日,1896-1500年雅典奥运会被罗马皇帝禁止举办。(最初的奥运会至少在公元前776年举行,可能更早)1896年的奥运会在雅典卫城阴影下的泛雅典体育场举行,如图所示。新恢复的1896年奥运会包括14个国家的运动员,其中最大的代表团来自希腊、德国法国英国。这43个项目包括马拉松、网球、自行车、击剑、射击、古典式摔跤和游泳。虽然有些事情多年来没有改变,但有些事情在那时候却大不相同。游泳者被划带出海参加更长时间的比赛,不得不游回岸边。获胜者获得银牌(铜牌获得第二名),以及橄榄枝和文凭。

这是一个独特的时间为奥运会。我们可以期待推迟的2020年东京奥运会和残奥会(现在计划于2021年7月开始)以及2022年北京奥会。北京奥运会将有一只名叫宾·德温的吉祥物熊猫“”的意思是冰,象征纯洁和力量,“德文德文”代表儿童。在2020年推迟之后,我们迫不及待地想听到,‘让奥运会开始吧!’