标签 荷兰 下的文章

旧西街区,阿姆斯特丹 ,荷兰 Oud-West neighborhood, Amsterdam, Netherlands (© George Pachantouris/Getty Images)

发布于 , 79 次浏览

旧西街区,阿姆斯特丹荷兰 Oud-West neighborhood, Amsterdam, Netherlands (© George Pachantouris/Getty Images)

旧西街区的故事 Oud-West side story

旧西街区,阿姆斯特丹 ,荷兰

欢迎来到阿姆斯特丹!荷兰首都阿姆斯特丹以其历史悠久的运河、多姿多彩的建筑和悠闲自在的氛围吸引着来自世界各地的游客。这座城市的历史可以追溯到12世纪,当时它还是阿姆斯特尔畔的一个渔村。如今,阿姆斯特丹拥有梵高博物馆、EYE电影博物馆和国家海事博物馆等机构,让人们可以深入了解阿姆斯特丹的历史和艺术遗产。阿姆斯特丹的同心圆型运河区建于17世纪,已被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。此外,这座城市还拥有众多的餐馆、古董店和露天市场,图片上展示的旧西街区就是其中之一。准备好骑自行车吧,因为阿姆斯特丹的自行车文化无处不在。阿姆斯特丹拥有约320英里长的自行车道,是世界上最适合骑自行车的城市之一。

Oud-West, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Welcome to Amsterdam! The capital of the Netherlands charms visitors with its historic canals, versatile architecture, and laid-back vibe. The city's history can be traced back to the 12th century when it was a fishing village on the banks of the Amstel River. Institutions like the Van Gogh Museum, the Eye Film Museum, and the National Maritime Museum offer insights into its history and arts legacy. Amsterdam's canal ring area, built at the turn of the 17th century, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is also home to its fair share of restaurants, vintage shops, and outdoor markets in neighborhoods like Oud-West, pictured in today's image. Get ready to pedal because Amsterdam's cycling culture is ubiquitous. With approximately 320 miles of bike lanes, it's one of the most bike-friendly cities in the world.

费吕沃湖水道桥,荷兰 Veluwemeer Aqueduct, Netherlands (© Frolova_Elena/Shutterstock)

发布于 , 203 次浏览

费吕沃水道荷兰 Veluwemeer Aqueduct, Netherlands (© Frolova_Elena/Shutterstock)

一年已过半 We're halfway there

一年已过半

平年有365天,今天恰好是中间日,也就是平年的中间点。中间日,在平年的7月2日的中午开始,在闰年的7月2日的午夜开始。2023年是平年,所以你去吃午饭的时候正好是一年的中间点哦。

图上是荷兰的费吕沃湖水道桥。这座水道桥于2002年完工,采用了一种与众不同的设计:它没有让车辆直接横穿费吕沃湖,而是修建了一条水下隧道供汽车从水下通行,这样只也可以自由地在水面通行了。这条隧道的两边都有人行横道,连接着大陆和世界上最大的人工弗莱福兰岛。工程师们本可以建造出一个只满足部分行人需求的东西,但是他们却找到了一个适用于所有人的解决方案。

It's Halfway Day!

Today is Halfway Day, which means we are halfway through 2023! Halfway Day begins at noon on July 2 during a regular 365-day year, and at midnight on July 2 during a leap year—so this year, we're celebrating at lunchtime.

Dutch engineers don’t do things by halves. Pictured here is the Veluwemeer Aqueduct in the Netherlands. The project, completed in 2002, used an unusual engineering approach. Rather than a drawbridge or ferry to get cars over Lake Veluwemeer, engineers instead built this 'water bridge' to carry boats across the road. The N302 is a busy highway connecting the mainland to the province of Flevoland, and thanks to this design, both road and waterborne traffic can keep flowing freely. The aqueduct also has pedestrian crossings on both sides, so everyone benefits. No half measures were taken in designing an eye-catching transport solution that works for everyone.

金德代克风车群,荷兰 Windmills, Kinderdijk, Netherlands (© Achim Thomae/Getty Images)

发布于 , 416 次浏览

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金德代克风车群,荷兰 Windmills, Kinderdijk, Netherlands (© Achim Thomae/Getty Images)

可靠的移水器 Trusty water-shifters

Windmills in Kinderdijk, the Netherlands

This stretch of windmills is one of the best-known Dutch tourist sites—you probably recognize them from postcards and calendars. Both iconic and historic, the windmills in the village of Kinderdijk have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. The Netherlands has about 1,200 windmills, though only 300 or so are still operational. Over the years they've played a major role in pumping sea water away from the nation's reclaimed land. Keeping the water at bay is a perennial issue for the flat 'low countries,' where much of the ground is below sea level.

The second Saturday in May—today!—is National Windmill Day in the Netherlands, when windmills all over the country open their doors to visitors, letting locals and tourists alike marvel over the simple yet highly effective inner workings. And of course, though wind is a force of nature that's been harnessed for centuries, it's having a resurgence, albeit in a more high-tech form. It's a leading producer of 'green' energy and is expected to grow dramatically in the coming years. So, on National Windmill Day, let's tip our hats to these sturdy ancestors while also cheering the pioneering work of the sleek, graceful new generation.

荷兰金德迪克的风车

这段风车是荷兰最著名的旅游景点之一,你可能从明信片和日历上就能认出它们。Kinderdijk村的风车既是标志性的也是历史性的,自1997年以来一直是联合国教科文组织的世界遗产。荷兰约有1200座风车,但仍在运营的只有300座左右。多年来,他们在将海水从国家填海区抽走方面发挥了重要作用。对于地势平坦的“低海拔国家”,保持海水不受影响是一个长期存在的问题,那里的大部分土地低于海平面。

今天是五月的第二个星期六-是荷兰的国家风车日,全国各地的风车向游客敞开大门,让当地人和游客都惊叹于简单但高效的内部工作。当然,尽管风是一种自然力,已经被利用了几个世纪,但它正在复兴,尽管是以更高科技的形式。它是“绿色”能源的主要生产商,预计未来几年将大幅增长。因此,在全国风车日,让我们向这些强壮的祖先致敬,同时也为时尚优雅的新一代的开拓工作欢呼。

Lauwersmeer国家公园上空的椋鸟群,荷兰 Starlings flock over Lauwersmeer National Park, Netherlands (© Frans Lemmens/Alamy)

发布于 , 859 次浏览

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Lauwersmeer国家公园上空的椋鸟群,荷兰 Starlings flock over Lauwersmeer National Park, Netherlands (© Frans Lemmens/Alamy)

Moving as one

After the nesting and breeding seasons of spring and summer have passed, starlings become highly social birds, often gathering in flocks that number in the thousands. These flocks sometimes take the form of a murmuration—when the birds form a group large and dense enough that they appear to move together as a single organism, even if the movements seem arbitrary. Though scientists still don't quite understand how the individual starlings in a murmuration coordinate their tight, fluid formations, the behavior is thought to be a way to confuse predators.

Imagine if you're a falcon on the hunt and you see a small group of starlings—an easy meal if you catch one. But if the starlings spot the predator first, they may form a murmuration, swooping and diving as one, making it difficult for the falcon to isolate and hunt an individual starling.

Keukenhof in Lisse, Netherlands (© Jim Zuckerman/Getty Images)

发布于 , 1025 次浏览

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Keukenhof in Lisse, Netherlands (© Jim Zuckerman/Getty Images)

In the 'Garden of Europe'

Welcome to the ‘Garden of Europe’—a nickname given to this public flower garden in Lisse, Netherlands. The literal translation of 'keukenhof'—from Dutch to English—is 'kitchen court,' as the original grounds for the park and flower garden began as a vegetable garden for the royal residents of Keuken Castle during the 15th century. This prompted another nickname for the pastoral spot: 'kitchen garden.'

Most years, the flower garden opens for just eight weeks each spring to take advantage of the blooming tulips, daffodils, and other flowers. But on March 23, 2020, the Dutch government canceled all public events in an effort to stop the spread of the coronavirus. However, because so much effort goes into the careful planning and planting of the garden, the staff of Keukenhof has vowed: 'If people cannot come to Keukenhof, we will bring Keukenhof to the people.' They'll be sharing video and images of this year's garden via various 'online channels.'

Skating on a frozen canal near the windmills at Kinderdijk in the Netherlands (© Lourens Smak/Alamy)

发布于 , 1021 次浏览

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Skating on a frozen canal near the windmills at Kinderdijk in the Netherlands (© Lourens Smak/Alamy)

'Winterpret' on ice

These skaters in the village of Kinderdijk are embracing 'winterpret,' a Dutch word that means 'winter joy' or 'winter fun.' Whenever temps drop low enough, many locals take to the ice and skate away on a complex network of canals. These waterways were built centuries ago—along with pumps, dykes, and the windmills pictured here—to protect the village of Kinderdijk by diverting water from the land. It's an important job, since Kinderdijk, like much of the Netherlands, lies below sea level and flooding is a major problem. Nowadays a modern water management system with multiple pumping stations does the work, and the windmills are left with a new job–to maintain an iconic Dutch scene. In 1997, the Kinderdijk windmills were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

荷兰阿姆斯特丹附近赞瑟斯汉斯村里古老的风车 Historic windmills of Zaanse Schans near Amsterdam, Netherlands (© Matt Cooper/Gallery Stock)

发布于 , 937 次浏览

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荷兰阿姆斯特丹附近赞瑟斯汉斯村里古老风车 Historic windmills of Zaanse Schans near Amsterdam, Netherlands (© Matt Cooper/Gallery Stock)

Bringing together history and technology

On the second Saturday in May, the Dutch celebrate an iconic national structure—the windmill—like these historic ones at Zaanse Schans. With hundreds of windmills across the country, many sites use the day to demonstrate how windmills work and host art exhibits. But the concept of using wind power isn’t just a historical anecdote—this renewable energy is experiencing a boom, and by 2050 is predicted to provide one-third of the world's electricity.